|Polonnaruwa - Gal Vihara|
1070 King Vijayabahu, defeated the south indian Chola invaders, but had to give up Anuradhapura
and Polonnaruwa became the capital of the second oldest Kingdom. He reigned 1055 - 1110 A.C.
Anyhow the ancient city owes its golden age to his nephew, who reigned as King Parakramabahu I.
in the period of 1153 -1186 A.C. He startet an extended counter offensive towards south India,
while at the same time enourmous building activities happened within Pollunaruwa.
This golden period was finished by another indian invasion in 1284 A.C. and the new capital was
Dambadeniya in the south west of Sri Lanka. The multiplicity of majestic ruins and genius irrigation
systems are still reminding of this great era. They are allocated over a huge area and contain
various monuments, like temples, dagobas, palaces, Buddha statues and gardens.
Pollonaruwa is world heritage since 1982
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